If we take a closer look at the research then one thing is very common all of these ratios and that is the storytelling. all of this happen because of the storytelling and one more noticeable thing is that aspect ratio always gets extended.
Cinema is a matter of what’s in the frame and what’s out – Martin Scoresese (Film Director)
In my opinion, the screen is your canvas and it’s you how you would like to paint it. All the research about aspect ratio I did it give me a clear idea about the aspect ratio of the film industry and how I can use this as creative tools for storytelling. As panorama (4:1 ratio) is our main focus and I did this research just not to understand the aspect ratio also search if there is any film in this panoramic ratio. And yes it works Polyvision 4:1 is the only ratio we had back in 1927 which is used for film Napolean. They put three projector side by side to make this 4:1 ratio. and play three individual shots in each projector to telling the story.
In our case, we are not splitting the frame it’s just one single frame as other widescreen
How to achieve Panorama Look
Camera Setup: In order to get panorama ratio, we use two camera technique which is inspired by the technique of “Polyvision” though Panavision used three cameras. We Used Three cameras on a single tripod and match the nodal point of only left and right cameras as these two cameras footage need to be joined in post production. Also, we use the third camera as a backup in case of two cam failure but finally successfully we achieved what we were looking for. For left and right camera, we use same setting and 50mm lens. For the backup camera, we use a 24mm lens.
Post-Production: Main part of the panorama film happen on edit table. As there is no preset ratio on any editing software that is why we had to use the custom setting to get the panorama ratio. Setting screen shot is given below
Use of Sequence: It will be very tough if you want to do the entire edit in a single sequence especially when you are dealing with joining the footage together. It’s better to use separate sequence just for assembly the two cameras footage and then use this sequence on the main timeline as a single video file. It will give you more control on the editing.
Highest no of cinematographer agree that widescreen is better for visual narration.
The wide-screen aspect ratio comes much closer to the way we see and experience life. It also gives filmmakers the freedom to compose close-ups with one or more characters in the foreground and their environment or related action in the background. It’s a richer experience – Van de Sande, Cinematographer ASC.
It gives you so many more options. You don’t have to move the camera to show the audience the background, and you can let the characters move in the frame, which is more unobtrusive…which is sometimes appropriate – Kees Van Oostrum, Cinematographer ASC.
Benefits of Panorama –
- More Space on the frame: Panorama gives you more space on the camera which allow you to play more with your frame.
- Less Movement of the Camera: Do not need to move the camera much as you are able to see more in a frame. In our film we use one panning shot but still carrying the same emotion.
- Composition style: A new composition of shots. When artist is in your close frame at the same time you are able to see more. Like below shot its a close up her face but at the same time we are getting the background information.
- Audience attraction: Panorama makes the film different from the other media like TV or internet media (youtube, Netflix). Means if you like to experience the film as a film then you have to go to the theater rather than watch it on TV or internet.